Vyšlo tretie číslo 69. ročníka Geografického časopisu

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obalka_2017_3
 

Modifikácia metódy CORINE Land Cover a legenda pre identfiIkáciu a zaznamenávanie tried krajinnej pokrývky v mierke 1:10 000 na báze príkladových štúdií z územia Slovenska
Ján Oťaheľ 1), Ján Feranec 2), Monika Kopecká 3), Vladimír Falťan 4)Download Fulltext

1) Geografický ústav SAV, Štefánikova 49, 814 73 Bratislava. otahel@savba.sk
2) Geografický ústav SAV, Štefánikova 49, 814 73 Bratislava. feranec@savba.sk
3) Geografický ústav SAV, Štefánikova 49, 814 73 Bratislava. geogmari@savba.sk
4) Univerzita Komenského v Bratislave, Prírodovedecká fakulta, Katedra fyzickej geografie a geoekológie, Ilkovičova 6, 842 15 Bratislava. faltan@fns.uniba.sk

land cover, CORINE Land Cover method, satellite and aerial images, land cover nomenclature for local scale, Slovakia 

Landscape-ecological and geobotanic studies that present methodical tools for the identification of landscape structure and biotopes on large scales are numerous. The universality of the CORINE Land Cover (CLC) method and applicability of data in different types of landscape research now requires specification of the nomenclature for the local scale. The aim of this article is to present the modified CLC method for the identification of land cover (LC) classes on the fifth hierarchical level. The modification will also include a nomenclature applicable to the tracking of LC areas in the territory of Slovakia at a scale of 1:10 000. The modification respects the CLC nomenclature up to the third hierarchic level and identifies relevant 0.1 ha objects. It respects the association feature, that is, the spatial relationship in the context of hierarchically higher classes, while it delimits the accompanying elements of higher hierarchical levels only if they are unrepeatable. The hierarchy of the nomenclature facilitates an efficiently integrated aggregation of selected classes for the various types of (especially) environmental assessment.

Geografický časopis. Volume 69, 2017, No. 3: 189-224.

Centrá a zázemia funkčných mestských regiónov na Slovensku optikou kohortnej plodnosti
Pavol Ďurček 1), Branislav Šprocha 2)Download Fulltext

1) Univerzita Komenského v Bratislave, Prírodovedecká fakulta, Katedra humánnej geografie a demogeografie, Mlynská dolina, pavilón CH1-B1, 842 15 Bratislava. durcek@fns.uniba.sk
2) Univerzita Komenského v Bratislave, Prírodovedecká fakulta, Katedra humánnej geografie a demografie, Prognostický ústav SAV, Mlynská dolina, Bratislava, Šancová 56, Bratislava. branislav.sprocha@gmail.com

centre, hinterland, cohort fertility, functional urban regions, Slovakia

The fertility of women in the last quarter of a century in Slovakia is undergoing very important changes. It turns out that these transformations have a significant regional dimension, contributing to accommodate a wide regional disparities in the realized fertility and structure of women by the number of children (parity). A very important aspect in this process appears to be differences between the centres and hinterlands of regions. The main aim of this paper is to analyse the cohort fertility in functional urban regions in Slovakia according to the results from the population censuses 1991, 2001 and 2011. We also focus on the level of disparities in the realized fertility and structure of women by parity between the core and the hinterland and their development between year 1991 and 2011.

Geografický časopis. Volume 69, 2017, No. 3: 225-244.

Vplyv zmien využívania krajiny na eróziu půdy v katatrálnych územiach Ľubá a Belá (Hronská pahorkatina)
Viera Petlušová 1), Peter Petluš 2), Juraj Hreško 3)Download Fulltext

1) Univerzita Konštantína Filozofa v Nitre, Fakulta prírodných vied, Katedra ekológie a environmentalistiky, Tr. A. Hlinku 1, 949 01 Nitra. vpetlusova@ukf.sk
2) Univerzita Konštantína Filozofa v Nitre, Fakulta prírodných vied, Katedra ekológie a environmentalistiky, Tr. A. Hlinku 1, 949 01 Nitra. ppetlus@ukf.sk
3) Univerzita Konštantína Filozofa v Nitre, Fakulta prírodných vied, Katedra ekológie a environmentalistiky, Tr. A. Hlinku 1, 949 01 Nitra. jhresko@ukf.sk

agricultural land, soil erosion, land use change processes, Hronská pahorkatina upland, Slovakia

The mountainous landscape of Slovakia has significant potential for agricultural production. The most dominant land use elements in the studied area are arable land, permanent grasslands and vineyards. The aim of the paper is to assess the impact of land use changes on the extent of soil erosion in the chosen area of Hronská pahorkatina upland. Identification of erosion areas was implemented on the basis of aerial photographs and field surveys. The land use assessment was carried out by comparing changes in land use between the years 1841 – 1949 and 1949 – 2016. The type of land use changes such as intensification, preservation and extensification was determined subsequently. The study was based on the assessment of the ecological stability of individual land use elements. According to the intensity of the change, the high, the middle and the low land use change was determined. The most significant relationship between the type of land use change and soil erosion was recorded in the period 1949 – 2016 in the process of intensification. Here the land use has a greater impact on water erosion than the morphological-position attributes of the relief. A significant relationship was recorded also in the period 1841 – 1949. However, the morphological and positional characteristics of the relief have a greater impact on the development of erosion processes in this period of time. The Non-parametric Kruskal-Wallis test was used for the verification of the relationship. The statistical evaluation confirmed the relationship between land use change and soil erosion processes. The biggest land use changes and the agricultural process of intensification had already occurred in the first period of the assessment. However, it did not have a demonstrable effect on the development of the soil erosion processes. The development and growth of soil erosion areas occurred after collectivisation in 1949.

Geografický časopis. Volume 69, 2017, No. 3: 245-262.

Urbánna chudoba na Slovensku
Daniel Gerbery 1), Roman Džambazovič 2)Download Fulltext

1) Univerzita Komenského v Bratislave, Filozofická fakulta, Katedra sociológie, Gondova 2, 814 99 Bratislava. daniel.gerbery@uniba.sk
2) Univerzita Komenského v Bratislave, Filozofická fakulta, Katedra sociológie, Gondova 2, 814 99 Bratislava. roman.dzambazovic@uniba.sk

towns and cities, regions, poverty, material deprivation, social exclusion, social indicators, cluster analysis, Slovakia 

The study addresses the issue of urban poverty, with the aim of comparing the situation in towns and cities in the Slovak Republic and classifying them into several categories. For this purpose, the authors use statistical and administrative indicators rela-ted to the income situation of households, housing deprivation, the presence of socially excluded communities and risk demographic structure. These indicators allow the capture of the incidence of urban poverty in all towns and cities in Slovakia and thus extend the analytical perspectives which have been used until now. A hierarchical cluster analysis is employed in order to classify towns and cities in Slovakia into categories differing by risk of poverty, deprivation and social exclusion. The results show that four clusters can be distinguished. The cluster with the highest risk (the fourth cluster) contains mainly towns from the region of Banská Bystrica and Košice. It doesn’t include any towns from three regions – Bratislava, Trenčín and Žilina. Towns in the cluster with the most risk poverty profile belong to small or medium sized towns of Slovakia.

Geografický časopis. Volume 69, 2017, No. 3: 263-280.

Poľnohospodárstvo Slovenska v rokoch 2002 – 2014 a jeho regionálne diferenciácie
Jana Némethová 1), Alena Dubcová 2), Hilda Kramáreková 3)Download Fulltext

1) Univerzita Konštantína Filozofa v Nitre, Fakulta prírodných vied, Katedra geografie a regionálneho rozvoja, Tr. A. Hlinku 1, 949 74 Nitra. jnemethova@ukf.sk
2) Univerzita Konštantína Filozofa v Nitre, Fakulta prírodných vied, Katedra geografie a regionálneho rozvoja, Tr. A. Hlinku 1, 949 74 Nitra. adubcova@ukf.sk
3) Univerzita Konštantína Filozofa v Nitre, Fakulta prírodných vied, Katedra geografie a regionálneho rozvoja, Tr. A. Hlinku 1, 949 74 Nitra. hkramarekova@ukf.sk

agriculture, indicators of crop and livestock production, regions, re-gional differentiation, production performance profile, Slovakia

A transformation of Slovak agriculture and its integration into European structures has recorded significant changes during its development. These are presented in the context of the situation and trends in agriculture in Slovakia since the second half of the 90s of the 20th century up to the year 2014. The article focuses on development of the Slovakia´s agriculture tendencies after its accession to the EU in 2004 and on the regional differentiations of NUTS III units production efficiency between 2002 and 2014. In processing of statistical data a component analysis was used, which led to creation of the agricultural productivity profiles. Indexes of changes pointed to the dynamics of the monitored indicators development. The impact of the Common Agricultural Policy of the EU was mainly reflected in structural changes in crop and livestock production although more significant changes have occurred in livestock production which also showed a greater decrease. Gradually, between the years 2002 – 2014 also the structure of crop production has changed in favor of cereals and some technical crops especially oilseeds. On the other hand, the production of some typical market crops such as potatoes and vegetables decreased. The structural changes resulted in deepening of regional differentiations of this economic sector. The comprehensive assessment of agricultural production as a whole showed that very high level of agriculture was reached by Trnava and Nitra regions.

Geografický časopis. Volume 69, 2017, No. 3: 281-298.