Vyšlo tretie číslo 68. ročníka Geografického časopisu

Obsah vydania:

obalka_2016_3
 

Regional and social cleavages in the Slovak elections after the change of the regime
Balázs Szabó 1), Patrik Tátrai 2)

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1) Geographical Institute, Research Centre for Astronomy and Earth Sciences of the Hungarian Academy of Sciences, H-1112 Budapest, Budaörsi út 45, Hungary. szbazs@gmail.com
2) Geographical Institute, Research Centre for Astronomy and Earth Sciences of the Hungarian Academy of Sciences, H-1112 Budapest, Budaörsi út 45, Hungary. tatrai.patrik@csfk.mta.hu

political geography, electoral geography, voting behaviour, cleavages, Slovakia

The article gives an overview on the regional features of voting behaviour in post-socialist Slovakia. The aim of this study is to identify the main cleavages in the Slovak society through the analysis of the spatially solid voter base of the parties. It presents how enduring and strong are the traditional cleavages and those connected to the change of regime. Post-socialist Slovakia’s elections show that some of the regional and social cleavages (re)emerged immediately after the change of regime and have remained stable in the last twenty years. Due to the characteristics of the electoral system the election results clearly reflect the spatial embeddedness of the parties. A significant change of the party structure of Slovakia has undergone since 1992. It still does not fit the Western European patterns. The classic cleavages have proved to be durable in this period. The party preferences indicate that the division and stratification of the Slovak society are still determined by the classic cultural (ethnic and religious) and centre-periphery (urban-rural and West-East) cleavages. Along these cleavages five or six main, geographically identified, seemingly solid political blocks can be defined.

Geografický časopis. Volume 68, 2016, No. 3: 195-212.

Odkladanie prvých manželstiev žien na Slovensku v priestorovej perspektíve (zmeny medzi rokmi 1992 – 1994 a 2012 – 2014)
Branislav Šprocha 1)

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1) Univerzita Komenského v Bratislave, Prírodovedecká fakulta, Katedra humánnej geografie a demografie, Prognostický ústav SAV, Mlynská dolina, Bratislava, Šancová 56, Bratislava. branislav.sprocha@gmail.com

postponement, starting a family, regional perspective, Slovakia

The main objective of this paper is to analyse the postponement of women starting families in Slovakia in a regional perspective. Despite the significant changes in the patterns of fertility, childbearing and marriage are still inseparable. The “ageing of nuptiality” is one of the main features of the nuptiality transition in the last quarter of a century and is closely related to the postponement of marriage. Our analysis is based on data from the 1991 and 2011 censuses of and mainly on some indicators of tempo that have been constructed from special regional period nuptiality tables. The study focused on comparison of nature of the timing of women´s first marriage between the early 1990s and the last few years. Based on this information several aspects of the postponement starting a family were evaluated in relation to region. The result of this study provides evidence that in the early 1990s all districts in Slovakia were characterized by early marriage. The stability of this model was very quickly disrupted and the main feature of the new nuptiality behaviour has become the postponement of the first marriage until a higher age. The pace of these changes varies across districts.

Geografický časopis. Volume 68, 2016, No. 3: 213-225.

Percepcia povodňového rizika obyvateľmi a jej postavenie v právnom systéme Slovenska: prípadová štúdia v povodí hornej Myjavy
Lukáš Michaleje 1), Ľubomír Solín 2), Michala Madajová 3)

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1) Geografický ústav SAV, Štefánikova 49, 814 73 Bratislava. geoglumi@savba.sk
2) Geografický ústav SAV, Štefánikova 49, 814 73 Bratislava.
3) Geografický ústav SAV, Štefánikova 49, 814 73 Bratislava. geogmada@savba.sk

flood risk management, flood risk perception, questionary survey, legislation on flood protection, upper Myjava river basin, Slovakia

A change in perceptions of floods and their adverse consequences slowly coming to Slovakia. The transition from a traditional engineering approach to an integrated flood risk management involves the decentralization of the decision making powers. In this article, an attention was focused on the flood risk perception of residents and integration of institutions, citizens and stakeholders in integrated flood risk management. There were selected six municipalities in the upper Myjava basin, which have high level of the flood hazard. By means of questionnaire survey, we gathered data on flood warning of residents, their opinion on structural flood protection measures, their knowledge about the condition of watercourses, as well as information about their views on the factors that influence the occurrence of flood hazard. Surveys suggest neglect of warnings against floods. Citizens perceived poor maintenance of watercourses and waste in watercourses as the most problematic. To better understand the possibilities of public involvement in the decision making on the flood risk management, we have analyzed legislative of the Slovak Republic on flood protection. Under the current legislative framework the assessment and management of flood risks in the Slovak Republic is strongly institutionally centralized and Slovak Water Management Company has direct responsibility in the field of flood risk management. Such a situation does not promote public participation in decision-making on the management of flood risk.

Geografický časopis. Volume 68, 2016, No. 3: 227-243.

Sociálne vylúčenie, segregácia a životné stratégie obyvateľov rómskych komunít z pohľadu teórie zdrojov
Jurina Rusnáková 1), Alena Rochovská 2)

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1) Univerzita Konštantína Filozofa v Nitre, Fakulta sociálnych vied a zdravotníctva, Ústav romologických štúdií, Kraskova 1, 949 01 Nitra. jurina.rusnakova@email.cz
2) Univerzita Komenského v Bratislave, Prírodovedecká fakulta, Katedra humánnej geografie a demografie, Mlynská dolina, Ilkovičova 6, 842 15 Bratislava. rochovska@fns. uniba.sk

Roma population, poverty, social exclusion, segregation, Slovakia

The article focuses on the influence of social exclusion, particularly in the spatial context in the form of segregation, on the everyday life of marginalized Roma communities. The article brings results of two interlinked studies in which the authors participated. The objective of the first study was to find the life strategies of Roma households and study their variability. The qualitative part of the second research focused on subjective perceptions and evaluations of life situations by the members of poor Roma households. The findings from both studies presented in the article were analysed in relation to the spatial integration, or separation of the visited households from the majority population. Our results indicate that the most disadvantages are accumulated in those Roma households, who live segregated in ethnically homogeneous communities.

Geografický časopis. Volume 68, 2016, No. 3: 245-260.

Assessment of basic needs of food and clothing of urban homeless people in Kanpur city, India
Shamshad 1)

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1) Aligarh Muslim University, Faculty of Science, Department of Geography, Aligarh – 202002, India. shamshad26@gmail.com

food, clothing, supportive aids, homeless population, Kanpur city, India

The article analyses the condition of food, clothing and other supportive aids of the homeless population of Kanpur city. The study is based on a primary source of data generated through a comprehensive field survey in the city in 2012. Overall analysis of the study reveals that more than three-quarters of the expenditure of the homeless po-pulation is on food, followed by the expenditure on miscellaneous things like clothing, health care, and education. The majority of homeless people fulfill their food requirements by purchasing cooked food or self-cooked food from the city while the rest of the population survives on foraging. Moreover, nearly two-thirds of the total homeless population have two meals per day, while more than one-tenth of the homeless population is unable to secure even a single meal per day. More than half of the homeless population possess only one set of wearing clothes, whereas about two-fifths of the homeless people have two sets.

Geografický časopis. Volume 68, 2016, No. 3: 261-280.