Vyšlo štvrté číslo 68. ročníka Geografického časopisu

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obalka_2016_4
 

The evolution of the regional disparities in the Visegrad group in the years 1995 – 2014
György Iván Neszmélyi 1), Ildikó Lampertné Akócsi 2), Emese Bruder 3)

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1) Institute of Commerce, Budapest Business School, College of Commerce Catering and Tourism, Alkotmány str. 9-11, 1054 Budapest, Hungary. neszmelyi.gyorgy@uni-bge.hu
2) University of Dunaújváros, Institute of Economy, Táncsics Mihály str. 1/a, 2400 Dunaújváros, Hungary. lampertnedr.akocsi.ildiko@uniduna.hu
3) Szent István University, Gödöllő, Faculty of Economics and Social Sciences, Páter Károly str. 1, 2100 Gödöllő, Hungary. bruder.emese@gtk.szie.hu

regional disparities, Williamson-hypothesis, logarithmic weighted relative deviation, countries of the Visegrad-group

In our research, we examined the territorial disparities in the four countries of the Visegrad group, which joined the EU in 2004, for the period between 1995 and 2015. We used as our theoretical starting point the Williamson-hypothesis which focuses on the correlations of economic catching up, with the developed regions growing faster than the less developed ones, because their developed resources are utilized in a better and faster way. According to our initial hypothesis, there is a connection between the regions’ economic development and the size of inner regional disparities, so the Williamson- hypothesis can be verified in our research area. We use the weighted logarithmic standard deviations (WLSD) for the measurement of the territorial differences. In the first part of our research, we examined the economic growth and the spatial disparities in the Visegrad countries and also in the European Union. The second part of the research focuses on the exploration of the connection between the GDP per capita and the disparity index of the regions involved in the research. According to our hypothesis, there is a correlation between the regions’ differentiation and development, appropriate to the Williamson-curve. So in the regions with higher GDP per capita the inner disparities are smaller, than in the regions with lower GDP per capita. Finally, for the verification of the above mentioned hypothesis, we expanded our research to all regions of the European Union.

Geografický časopis. Volume 68, 2016, No. 4: 283-299.

Veľké vidiecke obce na Slovensku – vybrané charakteristiky plodnosti na začiatku 21. storočia
René Drinka 1), Juraj Majo 2)

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1) Univerzita Komenského v Bratislave, Prírodovedecká fakulta, Katedra humánnej geografie a demografie, Ilkovičova 6, 842 15 Bratislava. rdrinka2@gmail.com
2) Univerzita Komenského v Bratislave, Prírodovedecká fakulta, Katedra humánnej geografie a demogeografie, Ilkovičova 6, 842 15 Bratislava. majo@fns.uniba.sk

Big rural municipalities in Slovakia – selected characteristics of fertility at the beginning of the 21st century

Population size of municipalities seems to be a salient determinant when considering demographic behaviour, its processes and population structures. We aim at the rural municipalities with populations over 2 000 inhabitants, which seem to play an important role among rural municipalities. This factor is compared against the general rule of the Slovak population that within the framework of the second demographic transition has become one of the countries with noticeably low fertility. Therefore we aimed at the specific aspects of fertility levels in this type of municipality including fertility rates, birth timing, non-marital fertility, and so on. These figures are analysed in two time periods: 2001 – 2006, and 2007 – 2011. The spatial factor is taken into account as well, as there are several types of big rural municipalities (for example those in suburban areas). The study proved that big rural municipalities have a notable impact on demographic figures, and in many cases they still represent residual demographic behaviour (earlier birth timing, lower non-marital rates).

Geografický časopis. Volume 68, 2016, No. 4: 301-317.

Skúmanie vzťahu priestorového rozloženia rómskej populácie a dojčenskej úmrtnosti v Slovenskej republike
Beáta Gavurová 1), Viliam Kováč 2), Jurina Rusnáková 3)

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1) Technická univerzita v Košiciach, Ekonomická fakulta, Němcovej 32, 04001 Košice. beata.gavurova@tuke.sk
2) Technická univerzita v Košiciach, Ekonomická fakulta, Němcovej 32, 04001 Košice. viliam.kovac@tuke.sk
3) Univerzita Konštantína Filozofa v Nitre, Fakulta sociálnych vied a zdravotníctva, Ústav romologických štúdií, Kraskova 1, 949 01 Nitra. jurina.rusnakova@email.cz

infant mortality, regional disparities, marginalized Roma communities, spatial econometrics, Slovakia

The Slovak Republic is one of the countries which are significantly affected by the problem of inequality in the field of health, related mainly to the minority groups living in the areas with concentrated poverty. The Roma population, in particular residents of marginalized Roma communities, belong to the population groups which are most vulnerable to poverty and social exclusion. Poverty demonstrates itself in all areas of life and on the human rights perspective is considered to be a barrier to Access to basic rights, including healthcare. There are several papers in which the authors pointed to the deteriorating health of the Roma population in the Slovak Republic. The paper is focused on the evaluation of infant mortality in the districts with a higher share of the Roma population, which reflects the socio-economic parameters in living standards at most. The primary aim of this paper was to verify the relationship of spatial distribution of Roma population and infant mortality in the Slovak Republic. The analysis revealed that the Roma population growth in the examined territory relates to the complementary increase of the infant mortality rate by a higher value, which is a signal of the negative development of health in the studied population, as well as insufficient efficiency of the applied prevention programmes.

Geografický časopis. Volume 68, 2016, No. 4: 319-332.

Časovo-priestorové diferencie v zahraničnej návštevnosti Slovenska
Ingrid Bučeková 1), Gabriela Nováková 2), Dagmar Kusendová 3)

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1) Univerzita Komenského v Bratislave, Prírodovedecká fakulta, Katedra humánnej geografie a demografie, Ilkovičova 6, 842 15 Bratislava. bucekova@fns.uniba.sk
2) Univerzita Komenského v Bratislave, Prírodovedecká fakulta, Katedra humánnej geografie a demografie, Ilkovičova 6, 842 15 Bratislava. novakova@fns.uniba.sk
3) Comenius University in Bratislava, Faculty of Natural Sciences, Department of Human Geographyand Demography, Mlynská dolina, Ilkovičova 6, 842 15, Bratislava, Slovakia. kusendova@fns.uniba.sk

foreign tourism, tourist, spatial structure, Slovakia

The contribution focuses on foreign tourism performance in Slovakia since the beginning of millennium to year the 2013. Its main goal is to present basic development tendencies and structure of incoming foreign tourism of Slovakia during mentioned period, exploiting data on foreign tourists’ arrivals. Specific attention is paid to main groups of tourists in Slovakia according country of their origin – it concerns tourists from Czechia, Poland and Germany. We deal primarily with visitors’ volume and specific features of spatial structure according to these groups of tourists. We identified regions the most visited by these groups, as well as those outside their attention and interest.

Geografický časopis. Volume 68, 2016, No. 4: 333-351.

Esenciálne prvky v podzemných vodách a kardiovaskulárne ochorenia obyvateľov Bratislavského samosprávneho kraja z aspektu medicínskej geografie a medicínskej geochémie
Vladimír Pelech 1), Miloslav Khun 2), Richard Feciskanin, Alexandra Benová, Radoslav Chudý, Tatiana Harciníková, Martin Iring, Miroslav Kožuch, Jerguš Moravčík, Tomáš Schmidt, Hana Stanková, Juraj Vališ, Eva Mičietová

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1) Univerzita Komenského v Bratislave, Prírodovedecká fakulta, Katedra kartografie, geoinformatiky a diaľkového prieskumu Zeme, Ilkovičova 6, 842 15 Bratislava. pelechv@fns.uniba.sk
2) Univerzita Komenského v Bratislave, Prírodovedecká fakulta, Katedra geochémie, Ilkovičova 6, 842 15 Bratislava. khun@fns.uniba.sk

Bratislava Self-Governing region, groundwaters, index of geochemical environment suitability IGP, acute coronary syndrome, calcium, magnesium, SiO2

The paper examines the relationship of some of the essential elements in groundwaters to cardiovascular diseases, specifically to acute coronary syndrome (ACS) with regard to the Bratislava Self-Governing Region (BSK). An index of geochemical environment suitability IGP is proposed regarding its potential impact on the syndrome and its discriminatory threshold. The association of IGP and ACS and the essential elements Ca and Mg and SiO2 and ACS for the districts and municipalities of the BSK and the entire Slovak Republic has been proven based on the Pearson correlation analysis and tests of significance of the calculated correlation. Positive correlation between SiO2 and ACS was found, which does not correspond to the known data in the literature. Therefore greater influence of SiO2 on cardiovascular diseases than has been so far indicated is assumed. The work represents the first insight into dealing with environmental health in the BSK.

Geografický časopis. Volume 68, 2016, No. 4: 353-369.