Vyšlo druhé číslo 68. ročníka Geografického časopisu

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Kraje a plánování: Československá krajská reforma z roku 1949 v kontextu produkce odborného vědění v období třetí republiky (1945–1948)
Jan Daniel 1)Download Fulltext

1) Masarykova univerzita v Brně, Přírodovědecká fakulta, Geografický ústav, Kotlářská 2, 611 37 Brno, Česká republika. honzadaniel@mail.muni.cz

territorial administrative division, 1949 administrative reform, state socialism, history of geographical knowledge, Czechoslovakia

The author attempts to link the research on territorial administrative division to the research on the history of geographical knowledge using the example of the 1949 Czechoslovak administrative reform. The issue of the influence of contemporary scientific knowledge on the output of the reform is discussed using the inspiring approaches of science and technological studies. Therefore the attention is not primarily paid to the approved delineation of regions, but to the expert regionalization, which became the basis for the discussion on the final delineation of regions (the so called Central Trade Union Council regionalization). The interpretation in this paper does not view the territorial administrative reform as a single act, but as a part of a wider project of the transformation of the state’s space, which was closely linked to the process of the transformation of Czechoslovak society after the Second World War. In the context of the project of the transformation of state’s space, a new production network of dominant knowledge was formed, when a crucial connection occurred: a linkage between planning and the issue of spatial division. Narrowing of the issue of space down to the issue of planning led to new approaches to the division of space and significantly influenced the conceptualiyation and representation of space and its division.

Geografický časopis. Volume 68, 2016, No. 2: 95-114.

Vidiek: hľadanie identity a optimálnej rozvojovej stratégie
Vladimír Székely 1)Download Fulltext

1) Geografický ústav SAV, Štefánikova 49, 814 73 Bratislava. szekely@savba.sk

rural economy, rural development strategies, globalization versus localization, commodification of rural areas, responsibility of global and local stakeholders, rural sustainable development

Rural areas, perception of their identity and use of its development potential are subject to dramatic changes under the effect of the neoliberal ideology and practices. The aim of the paper is description of the influence of these changes which are relevant for re-understanding of “rural territories” and their different development strategies. The complementary theoretical and practical approaches to successful rural development strategies are presented and critically assessed. The paper concentrates on “open” problems associated with the “cacophony” of different “development challenges” for rural areas and individual responsibility of rural stakeholders and decision-makers in the process of searching and re-creating a new rural identity and optimal (econo-mically, socially and environmentally) sustainable development strategy for the non-homogeneous, structurally differentiated rural areas and their inhabitants.

Geografický časopis. Volume 68, 2016, No. 2: 115-129.

Koncepty priestorovej distribúcie ekonomických aktivít vo svetle súčasných prístupov ekonomickej geografie
Jaroslav Rusnák 1), Filip Lehocký 2)Download Fulltext

1) Univerzita Komenského v Bratislave, Prírodovedecká fakulta, Katedra humánnej geografie a demografie, Mlynská dolina 1, 842 15 Bratislava. rusnak@fns.uniba.sk
2) Univerzita Komenského v Bratislave, Prírodovedecká fakulta, Katedra humánnej geografie a demografie, Mlynská dolina, 842 15 Bratislava. lehocky@fns.uniba.sk

economic geography, agglomeration, specialisation, diversification, concentration, new economic geography

This paper contains the economic and geographical view on space, concentration, specialization and diversification in relation to economic growth. The economic approach deals with the sources and causes of agglomeration economies. However, the questions of cultural and social diversity and proximity are purely geographical. Whilst the process of concentration and specialization is predominantly concerned with the new trade theory and the new economic geography, the process of diversification is related to evolutionary economic geography and the institutional approach to economic geography. We try to explore and discuss some contradictions and common features in the study of economies of agglomeration in terms of specialization and diversification.

Geografický časopis. Volume 68, 2016, No. 2: 131-149.

Česká a slovenská geografie zemědělství: transformace, vstup do Evropské unie… a dál? Multifunkcionalita?
Ondřej Konečný 1), Jiří Hrabák 2)Download Fulltext

1) Mendelova universita v Brně, Fakulta regionálního rozvoje a mezinárodních studií, Ústav regionálního rozvoje a veřejné správy, Třída Generála Píky 2005/7, 613 00 Brno, Česká republika. ondrej.konecny@mendelu.cz
2) Univerzita Karlova v Praze,Přírodovědecká fakulta, Katedra sociální geografie a regionálního rozvoje, Albertov 6, 128 43 Praha, Česká republika. jiri.hrabak@natur.cuni.cz

agricultural geography, productivism, post-productivism, multifunctional agriculture, multifunctionality, Czech Republic, Slovak Republic

Czech and Slovak agricultural geographers pay the greatest attention to the issues framed in the crucial temporal change of a society-wide nature (transformation of agriculture, the impact of accession to the EU). However, these issues quickly become outdated. The theoretical frameworks eliminating the disadvantage of being firmly anchored in a specific time have been used only marginally (e.g. the concept of sustainability). Therefore it seems that the Czech and Slovak agricultural geography is searching for “inspiring and rewarding” approaches after more than 10 years of membership in the EU. This article attempts to show that the theoretical discussion focused on the conceptualizations of the multifunctional agriculture and agricultural multifunctionality offers the principal idea, inspiration and application, which should be useful for the analysis of changes in agriculture, or more precisely in the wider rural area of the Czech Republic and Slovak Republic, and goes beyond the argument that multifunctional agriculture is negatively associated with the Common Agriculture Policy as a “defence of European agriculture”.

Geografický časopis. Volume 68, 2016, No. 2: 151-169.

Funkčně prostorová typologie středisek cestovního ruchu Česka a Slovenska
Jiří Vystoupil 1), Anton Kasagranda 2), Martin Šauer 3)Download Fulltext

1) Masarykova univerzita v Brně, Ekonomicko-správní fakulta, Katedra regionální ekonomie a správy, Lipová 507/41a, 602 00 Brno, Česká republika. vyst@econ.muni.cz
2) Univerzita Komenského v Bratislave, Prírodovedecká fakulta, Katedra regionálnej geografie, ochrany a plánovania krajiny, Ilkovičova 6, 842 15 Bratislava. kasagrandaa@gmail.com
3) Masarykova univerzita v Brně, Ekonomicko-správní fakulta, Katedra regionální ekonomie a správy, Lipová 507/41a, 602 00 Brno, Česká republika. sauer@econ.muni.cz

tourism, tourist resort, functional typology of tourist resorts, comparative analysis, Czechia, Slovakia

In the last 25 years tourism and recreation in Czechia and Slovakia faced many signi-ficant changes. These changes have been observed both in social and economic aspects on the one hand and the quantitative and qualitative aspects of the development of different types (forms and sorts) of tourism supply and demand on the other. The aim of the study is to introduce methodology under which the destinations of tourism are defined and typified and consequently spatially evaluate (quantify) the current core functional types (forms and sorts) of resorts with regional and national importance in Czechia and Slovakia.

Geografický časopis. Volume 68, 2016, No. 2: 171-192.