National projects

Present

Dynamika krajinnej pokrývky ako indikátor zmien krajiny
Land cover dynamics as indicator of changes in landscape
Program: VEGA
Project leader: RNDr. Kopecká Monika PhD.
Annotation: The noticeable dynamics is one of the indicators of the changing cultural landscape and its eco-system functions. Identification of these changes requires application of new unconventional approaches facilitating the operative recording, analysis and assessment. The aim of the proposed project is to study the possibilities of application of image records obtained by remote sensing to identification of LC changes and estimation of possibilities to apply such information as indicators of changes in qualitative properties of landscape. Special emphasis will be put on the assessment of changes in urban landscape which cause changes of urban microclimate, changes in agricultural landscape which lead to its abandonment and disappearance of permanent grassland. Analyses will be based on interpretation of image records produced by Sentinel 1 and Sentinel 2 satellites and selected data layers of the Urban Atlas (UA), High Resolution Layers (HRL), and the ), and the Land Parcel Identification System (LPIS).
Duration: 1.1.2019 – 31.12.2022
Urbánne a suburbánne prostredie: priestor pre inovácie a alternatívy v maloobchode a službách
Urban and suburban environments: a space for innovations and alternatives in the retail and services sector
Program: VEGA
Project leader: Mgr. Bilková Kristína PhD.
Annotation: The sector of retail and services can be considered the most dynamic economy sector, comprising an integral part of everyday life. In this context, the project focuses on assessing the urban and suburban environment as a space for research of innovations and alternatives in retail as well as in services. Innovative processes mean processes that have started to appear in the last decade. Such processes include, for example, online shopping. The so-called SMS marketing or use of mobile operators´ data as an innovative way of solving problems can be a strong motivation to purchase and use services. Alternative processes are processes that are in contrast with globalization, e.g. research of community gardens, farmer´s markets etc.. Preferring Slovak, local, organic and eco-products and services has been on the increase, and consumers adapt to this trend in different ways. The question is to what extent and how it is the case also in the Slovak urban and suburban environments.
Duration: 1.1.2019 – 31.12.2021
Diskontinuity vo vývoji slovenského geografického myslenia v 20. a 21. storočí: objektívna a subjektívna dimenzia
Discontinuities in the development of the Slovak geographical thought in the 20th and 21st centuries: Objective and subjective dimensions
Program: VEGA
Project leader: Prof. RNDr. Ira Vladimír CSc.
Annotation: Objective of this project is the comparative and contextual analysis of the development of geographical thought in Slovakia and in the world geography in the 20th and 21st century with special regard to its discontinuity. Identification of discontinuities in the world geographical thought is followed by the rate of their reception in the Slovak geographical thought. Convergent and divergent features of their development and the time shift will be pointed to. Autochthonous discontinuities in the Slovak geographical thought, if that is the case, are studied with special stress on the objective dimension of discontinuities, particularly the actors, canonical texts, internal and external contexts. However, their subjective dimension including the perception and assessment of discontinuities by selected representatives of various generations of professional Slovak geographers is also studied and their ideas of future progress of geography in Slovakia in the context of the world geography will be exposed.
Duration: 1.1.2018 – 31.12.2020
Evolúcia lokalít a regiónov: nové teoretické a empirické prístupy k porozumeniu priestorových rozvojových paradigiem
Evolution of localities and regions: new theoretical and empirical approaches to understanding of spatial development paradigms
Program: VEGA
Project leader: RNDr. Székely Vladimír CSc.
Annotation: Evolutionary economic geography offers a unique way of thinking which responds to the dynamic changes in society. Its endeavour to attain the complexity greatly contributes to comprehension of the differentiated spatial development. The objective of the project is to exploit the assets of its theoretical, methodological and intellectual apparatus employed for the sake of deeper cognition and explanation of the causes of the Slovak, by own history determined, spatial heterogeneity. The core and simultaneously sealant of the project is identification of the key developmental and development threatening stimuli from selected sectors of national economy (transport,tourism, energetics, …) followed by the analysis of reaction and evolution of hierarchically created spatial units. The direction, content and scope of developmental changes in localities and regions will be partially confronted with the new regional policy of the EU which declares orientation to their smart, sustainable and inclusive growth.
Duration: 1.1.2018 – 31.12.2020
Hodnotenie transformácie prírodnej a sociálno-kultúrnej diverzity kultúrnej krajiny Slovenska (na príklade vybraných území)
Evaluation of the transformation of natural and socio-cultural diversity of the cultural landscape in Slovakia (on example of selected areas)
Program: VEGA
Project leader: RNDr. Hanušin Ján CSc.
Annotation: The cultural landscape is a testimony to the current way of life and also the materialization of long-term interventions of our ancestors to the landscape, manifested in the form of historical cultural landscape. In addition to the material dimension the historical cultural landscape (HCL) has an intangible socio-cultural dimension,whichis determined by the historical context of its formation and by the way its contemporaries perceive its values and functioning. Analysis of terminological inconsistencies and evaluation of the implementation of HCL issues into the Slovak legal system will be the first goal of this project. The methodology of identifying the HCL intypologically different model areas will follow. The main objective will be the demonstration of the methodology for the assessment of natural and socio-cultural diversity of HCL, its comparison with the current cultural landscape,a determination of the level of its transformation and an outline of the possibilities of its preservation.
Duration: 1.1.2018 – 31.12.2020
Identifikácia spustnutej poľnohospodárskej pôdy s využitím optických a radarových záznamov diaľkového prieskumu Zeme
Program: Iné projekty
Project leader: Mgr. Goga Tomáš
Annotation: In recent decades, abandoned agricultural land has been a major problem in several European countries. It manifests itself in the cessation of agricultural activity in the area, which leads to a loss of active land. It is related to social and economic problems in rural areas, but also unrealised investment projects in suburban zones. Although the reduction in the amount of pesticides used may be positive in intensively used areas, the negative aspects of the abandonment prevail, particularly in areas where meadows and pastures with significant biodiversity potential for both wildlife animals, birds and insects are overgrown.The aim of the project is an automated mapping of abandoned agricultural land using open-access optical and radar satellite data. In the mapping process, we will use object-oriented segmentation methods and classification algorithms using machine learning in the presence of massive hardware support.
Duration: 1.1.2020 – 31.12.2020
Integrované hodnotenie povodňového rizika: východisko pre aktualizáciu plánov manažmentu povodňového rizika
Integrated Flood Risk Assessment: A Basis for Updating of the Flood Risk Management Plans
Program: VEGA
Project leader: RNDr. Solín Ľubomír CSc.
Annotation: The aim of the project is to present a proposal for updating of the first flood risk management plans formunicipalities of the Myjava District. The update is focused on integrated flood risk assessment which is based onthe idea that evaluating the disaster risk, the social production of vulnerability needs to be considered with at leastthe same importance that is devoted to understanding and addressing natural hazards. The proposed flood riskmanagement plans contain measures to reduce flood hazard which concern the whole basin and not justwatercourses. Moreover, the management includes measures to reduce the vulnerability of households to floodhazard. The third important aspect of updated flood risk management plans is public participation in the processof designing flood prevention measures. Determination of the optimal flood risk management is a result of theassessment of several alternatives.
Duration: 1.1.2018 – 31.12.2020
Rast a prehlbovanie nerovností na Slovensku a ich vplyv na polarizáciu ľudského rozvoja v regiónoch
Growing and deepening ineguality in regions of Slovakia and the effects on polarisation of human development
Program: VEGA
Project leader: RNDr. Michálek Anton CSc.
Annotation: Increasing global disparities trigger many serious problems in all countries and populations. Concentration of wealth in hands of a small group of persons opens an ever bigger gap between the very rich and the rest of population. It causes existential problems to the majority of population strata not only in the developing world but also in the developed countries. This trend is also evident in Slovakia where inequality is in addition characterised by a marked spatial differentiation. Research backed by empirical results confirmed that Slovakia in spite of rather high economic growth is one of the countries with increasing disparities. Distinctly negative consequences associated with increasing disparities are especially observable in underdeveloped regions. Disparities limit their chances of expansion, quality of life, human development, etc. The project focuses on quantification of relevant disparities, establishment of the rate of their deepening in time and determination of their effects on selected characteristics of human development.
Duration: 1.1.2018 – 31.12.2020
Recentný laterálny a vertikálny vývoj dien dolín vodných tokov v podmienkach environmentálnych zmien a ich vplyv na ekosystémové služby riečnej krajiny
Recent lateral and vertical evolution of river valley bottoms under changing environmental conditions and their impact on riverine landscape ecosystem services
Program: VEGA
Project leader: Ing. Kidová Anna PhD.
Annotation: Project aimed to the morphologic-sedimentary research of recent river valley bottoms evolution, conditioned by lateral movement and channel incision under changing environmental conditions. Morphological aspects of river valley bottoms evolution are studied by identification of geomorphic evolution phases of flood benches. Research of lateral movement and channel incision is realized by multi-temporal analyses of remote sensing data, historical maps in GIS environment, hydrological records and it is combined by field research represented by UAV photogrammetric mapping, geodetic, geophysical, granulometric and dating methods. Ecosystem services are specified in accordance with generally accepted schemes used in the river landscape research. The results allow to formulate a time-spatial conceptual models of river valley bottoms development and scenarios for their further development.
Duration: 1.1.2018 – 31.12.2020
STARCI – Medzigeneračné sociálne siete v starnúcich mestách, kontinuita a inovácie
Intergenerational social networks in an aging city, continuity and innovation
Program: APVV
Project leader: Mgr. Šuška Pavel PhD.
Annotation: The process of aging is a development process at a high complexity level. It concerns all age categories in a population. In the process of aging, proportion of the elderly grows, motivating change in design of the social sphere, in formal and informal social care. It is estimated that 13% of seniors need help at home, 7-8% need systematic care, and 5% of them need institutional care. In 2014, the mean life expectancy at birth was 73 years for men and 80 years for women. Aging is associated with further specific phenomena in economic development (aging workforce), health care, and particularly financial sustainability of the pension system. Quality of life in oldage is also affected by the quality of social networks. Their absence leads to social exclusion and loneliness.According to qualitative surveys, loneliness is one of the most serious concerns of the elderly. Loneliness starts and worsens the course of pathological phenomena associated mainly with older age, manifested in mental and physical condition. People reduce their participation in economic activities and often even in daily life of their family. This factor is beyond the understanding of individuality with a certain biological predisposition, since it includes family history, and lifestyle in social context. This project focuses on loneliness of the elderly in urban environment. Surprisingly, in the context of high population density, variation of lifestyles, attitudes, interests wecan expect increased likelihood for innovative ways of dealing with practical implications of loneliness. Mostly, we expect presence of informal links between neighbors, acquaintances, colleagues, or random people met inpublic space. City has huge potential to reduce loneliness of the elderly, improve quality of their daily lives and thus address one of the most serious factors with far consequences. Slovak society is facing intensive aging of population and the problem will become more serious in the future.
Duration: 1.7.2016 – 30.6.2020
SUBURBA – Suburbanizácia – vývoj a dopady na sociálno-priestorovú štruktúru zázemia Bratislavy
Suburbanization – development and impacts on socio-spatial structure in Bratislava hinterland
Program: APVV
Project leader: Mgr. Šveda Martin PhD.
Annotation: The processes of suburbanization – changes caused by transfer of inhabitants from cities towards the rural hinterland – have been occurring in Slovakia and more specifically in the vicinity of the capital city for more than 20 years. Suburbanization in the hinterland of Bratislava represents the most significant transformation in residential and socio-spatial relations in the post-socialist history of Slovakia, whose trajectory and parameters significantly affect the future development possibilities of this dynamically growing region. In spite of the intensity and various impacts there have not been realized any comprehensive study on this complicated phenomenon. Yet, negative effects of suburbanization in Bratislava hinterland stress the need for this material. In this context, project is focused on evaluation of intensity and spatial range of suburbanization in Bratislava hinterland, its demographic and social impacts and spatial patterns of development. Besides the standard methods of social sciences, state-of-the-art methods of dynamically developing GIS and remote sensing will be deployed to fulfil these objectives. In addition to in-depth analysis of particular aspects of suburbanization the project attempts to seek relations of mutual interdependencies and connectivity necessary for its comprehensive evaluation.
Duration: 1.7.2017 – 30.6.2020
PEDO-CITY-KLIMA – Vplyv nepriepustného pokrytia pôdy na klímu miest v kontexte klimatickej zmeny
Effect of impermeable soil cover on urban climate in the context of climate change
Program: APVV
Project leader: Doc. RNDr. Feranec Ján DrSc.
Annotation: Impervious surfaces affect the mezzo- and micro- climate of urban settlements. They contribute to formation of undesirable UHI (Urban Heat Islands), considerably reduce functions and ecosystem services of soil and limit water absorption. Land occupation and soil sealing along with the processes of global climate change bring significant negative effects not only for society and economy but they also affect the living standard and healthcondition of urban population. Big areas of continuous urban fabric contribute to the increase of mean temperature and extreme heats in summer in microclimatic comparison with the areas of the settlement greenery, gardens and landscape parks.The aim of the Project is to identify and assess the effects of impervious surfaces in urban agglomerations on the mezzo- and micro-climate in conditions of climate change. The basic premise for the solution is the analysis of intensity of construction and causes of its changes, as well as identification of UHI by interpretation of satellite images. The compiled database will be compared to the assessment of climate development in the cities by preparation of urban scenarios of climate change. The results will be confronted with the terrestrial meteorological measurement. The analysis will be accompanied by the impact estimate of impervious surfaces on the urban environment and urban population and the assessment of the effect of soil and greenery on sustainable management of urban territories.The Project will be applied to three cities: Bratislava, Trnava and Žilina, characterised by extremely extensive constructions with the minimal respect for the intrinsic risk of the changed climatic conditions.The outputs of the Project may bring a very important tool for the informed and scientific planning and decisionmaking processes of communal authorities in terms of environmental territorial design. Measures with stress onconservation of the environmental quality in the context of adaptat
Duration: 1.7.2016 – 30.6.2020