A new monograph on land cover
Feranec, J., Oťahel, J., Kopecká, M., Nováček, J., Pazúr, R. (aut.) / Petrovič, J., Kolář, J. (eds.)
LAND COVER OF SLOVAKIA AND ITS CHANGE IN 1990-2012
Veda, 2018, 160 s.
CLC data became a valuable source of original information for those interested in knowing the landscape of Slovakia and its dynamism. Their content wise compatibility and time sequence make it possible to analyse and assess changes of land cover and thus observe the heterogeneous structure and more than 20-year development of Slovakia’s landscape.
Individual parts of the monograph describe CLC projects regarding the application of satellite data. Methodology of generation of four data layers, particularly CLC 1990, CLC 2000, CLC 2006 and CLC 2012, as well as assessments of their precision and generation of three change layers i.e. CLC1990-2000, CLC2000-2006 and CLC2006-2012 are demonstrated in an easy-to-follow manner. The CLC 2012 data reveal that forest in Slovakia covers 40.8 % of the country’s overall area (broadleaved, coniferous, and mixed forest account for 22.1%, 9.8% and 8.9% respectively), 32.9% corresponds to arable land, built-up residential areas along with industrial, commercial, transport and servicing areas occupy 5.5%, while the share of the surface water area is 0.7%. Time-spatial characteristics about changes of land cover for more than two decades indicate the increasing trend in deforestation, decreasing trend in forestation (identified changes of forest landscape by means of CLC data have to be compared with the assessments of foresters, as they apply a different approach, see Chapter – 3.2), intensification of agriculture, construction of water reservoirs, and a mixed trend of the developments in urbanisation, and other changes. Supposedly, the development of environmental activities in future will attribute even greater significance to the obtained knowledge about land cover and its changes. Part of the monograph also brings examples of possible solutions to environmental issues in Slovakia by application of CLC data (for instance, landscape fragmentation and abandonment of farmland).
The final part of the monograph is dedicated to a brief outline of the prospects for tracking the development of land cover in Slovakia in future in accord with the European activities in this field.