Chapter by J. Feranec about changes in land use and land cover in the eastern European countries, published in the Springer

Feranec J., Soukup T., Taff N. G., Štych P., Bičík I.:
Overview of changes in land use and land cover in Eastern Europe in: GUTMAN G., RADELLOFF V.: LAND- COVER AND LAND-USE CHANGES IN EASTERN EUROPE AFTER THE COLLAPSE OF THE SOVIET UNION 1991.
Springer 2017, pp. 13-33.

This chapter presents an analysis of land cover changes in Eastern Europe between 1990 and 2006, assessed using CORINE (Co-ORdination of INformation on the Environment) Land Cover (CLC) datasets. The plethora of potential land cover change categories were condensed into seven categories of major land use change processes: urbanization, agricultural intensification, agricultural extensification, afforestation, deforestation, construction and management of water bodies, and other changes. The amounts of each change category and their spatial distributions are summarized, and the change categories were also mapped to show the relative amounts of change (per 3 × 3 km 2 ) between 1990 and 2000 and between 2000 and 2006. The results showed that while more afforestation than deforestation was observed in the first period, the reverse was true in the second period, when deforestation outpaced afforestation. Urbanization and suburbanization were major processes in Eastern Europe, particularly around existing major cities, and the speed of this process generally increased from the first to the second period. Both the intensification and extensification of agriculture were common during both periods, but a larger effect was observed in the first period. Overall, land use changes were highest in central Europe and the Baltic countries and lowest in southeast Europe.